2013-02-06 / Local & State

PA Cattle Inventory Unchanged

Pennsylvania farmers had 1,610,000 cattle and calves on hand on January 1, 2013, unchanged from January 1, 2012, according to the Pennsylvania field office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

The Keystone State’s calf crop for 2012 was 590,000, unchanged from one year ago. All cows that have calved were 690,000, down 10,000 from last year. Milk cows that have calved, at 535,000, were down 5,000 head from January 1, 2012. Beef cows that have calved totaled 155,000, down 5,000 head from last year’s beef number. Milk cow replacement heifers 500 pounds and over, at 310,000, were down 5,000 head from last year’s number. Beef cow replacement heifers were up 10,000 from last year to 55,000.

Other heifers 500 pounds and over were up 10,000 from last year to a total of 65,000 head. Steers in the same weight category, at 170,000, were up 25,000 head from last year’s level. Bulls, at 25,000, were the same as the January 1, 2012, inventory. All calves under 500 pounds, at 295,000, were down 30,000 head last year.

Primary data used in making cattle estimates for Pennsylvania and the United States were obtained from a sample of about 50,000 agricultural producers in the United States using probability surveys. Information was collected by mail, telephone and personal interview.

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2013, totaled 89,299,600 head, 1,468,900 head below the January 1, 2012, inventory.

The 2012 calf crop, at 34,279,000 head, declined 1,034,200 head from 2011. Calves born during the first half of 2012 were at 25 million. This represents 72.9 percent of the total, which is a 0.1 percent increase from last year.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38,515,200 head, were down 2 percent from January 1, 2012. Milk cows that have calved, at 9,219,900 head, were relatively unchanged from the previous January. Beef cows that have calved, at 29,295,300 head, were down 3 percent from January 1, 2012. Milk replacement heifers, at 4,550,700, were down 2 percent. Beef replacement heifers, at 5,360,600, were up 2 percent.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2013, and the change from January 1, 2012, are as follows:

All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.1 million, down 1 percent.

Other heifers, 9.2 million, down 3 percent.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 15.8, unchanged.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, down 2 percent.

Calves under 500 pounds, 13.8 million, down 2 percent.

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 13.4 million, down 5 percent.

Find agricultural statistics for your county, state, and the nation at www.nass.usda.gov.

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