Pennsylvania’s Crop Production
Based on year-end acreage and yield data, production of corn for grain, soybeans, oats, other dry hay, all forage, fall potatoes, and both Southern Maryland and Pennsylvania seedleaftype tobacco in Pennsylvania was above last year’s production, according to the Pennsylvania office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Production of corn for silage and alfalfa dry hay were below last year’s production.
Corn for grain production totaled 131.56 million bushels, up 12 percent from last year’s production.
Corn acres harvested for grain was estimated at 920,000 and the average yield was 143 bushels per acre, up 10 bushels from 2008. Corn for silage production at 8.19 million tons, was down 2 percent from production in 2008. Acres harvested for silage totaled 420,000, down 7 percent from 2008. Silage yield was 19.5 tons per acre, up 1.0 ton per acre from the 2008 yield.
Alfalfa dry hay production was 1.45 million tons, 12 percent below last year’s production. Acres harvested were 500,000, a decrease of 50,000 acres from last year, with an average yield of 2.9 tons per acre.
Alfalfa haylage and greenchop production was 2.5 million tons (green weight), 25 percent above last year’s production. Acres harvested were 325,000, with an average yield of 7.7 tons per acre. All alfalfa forage production was 2.69 million tons (dry weight equivalent), 2 percent above last year’s production. Alfalfa acres newly seeded in 2009 for crop production in 2010 totaled 100,000 acres, down 10,000 acres from a year ago.
All other dry hay acres harvested totaled 1,050,000 acres, a decrease of 150,000 acres from last year, with a yield of 2.10 tons per acre for a total production of 2.21million tons, up 2 percent from last year. Total forage production on a dry equivalent basis was 5.21 million tons, 4 percent above last year’s production. Forage was harvested from 1.8 million acres, down 6 percent from last year. Average forage yield per acre in 2009 was 2.89 dry tons, compared to 2.62 dry tons a year ago.
Oat production was 4.88 million bushels, 5 percent above last year’s production. Harvested acres totaled 80,000, unchanged from last year. The yield was 61 bushels per acre, 3 bushels above last year.
Production of winter wheat was 9.8 million bushels, 17 percent below 2008’s record crop. Harvested acres totaled 175,000, with a yield of 56 bushels per acre, 8 bushels per acre less than last year. Barley production was 3.38 million bushels, 18 percent less than 2008. Acreage harvested was 45,000 with an average yield per acre of 75 bushels, unchanged from a year ago.
Soybean production, at 20.47 million bushels, was 19 percent above last year’s production. Acreage harvested was 445,000, a 15,000 acre increase from 2008. The 2009 yield was 46 bushels per acre, 6 bushels per acre greater than a year ago.
Fall potato production, at 2.95 million hundredweight (cwt.), was up 17 percent from last year’s production. Acres harvested were unchanged from last year at 9,500. The yield of 310 cwt. per acre was up 45 cwt. from last year’s yield.
Pennsylvania burley tobacco production totaled 9.43 million pounds, down 5 percent from a year ago.
Acreage for harvest was 4,100, compared to 4,300 a year ago. Average yield per acre was 2,300 pounds, the same as last year. Southern Maryland type tobacco production totaled 4.8 million pounds, 28 percent more than last year. Harvested acreage was 2,100, up 300 acres from 2008. Pennsylvania seedleaf-type tobacco production totaled 4.4 million pounds, 11 percent more than last year. Harvested acreage was 2,000, also an 11 percent increase from last year. The average yield of 2,200 pounds per acre was unchanged from 2008.
At the United States level, corn for grain production is estimated at a record 13.2 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the November 1 forecast, and 1 percent above the previous record of 13.0 billion bushels set in 2007. U.S. grain yield is also estimated at a record level for 2009, at 165.2 bushels per acre. This is up 2.3 bushels from the November forecast and 4.9 bushels above the previous record of 160.3 bushels per acre set in 2004.
Soybean production in 2009 totaled 3.36 billion bushels, up 1 percent from the November 1 forecast and up 13 percent from 2008. U.S. production is the largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at a record-high 44.0 bushels, 0.7 bushel above the November 1 forecast and 4.3 bushels above last year’s yield. Harvested area is up 2 percent from 2008 to a record 76.4 million acres.
Production of other major crops and changes from the previous year are as follows: corn for silage, 108.2 million tons, down 3 percent; dry alfalfa hay, 71.0 million tons, up 1 percent; other dry hay, 76.4 million tons, up slightly from 2008; oats, 93.1 million bushels, up 4 percent; winter wheat, 1.52 billion bushels, down 18 percent; barley 227.3 million bushels, down 5 percent; all potatoes, 431.4 million cwt., up 4 percent; all tobacco, 823.3 million pounds, up 3 percent; and maple syrup 2.33 million gallons, up 22 percent.
Find agricultural statistics for your county, state, and the nation at www.nass.usda.gov.